A solar eclipse is a natural event that takes place on Earth when the Moon moves in its orbit between Earth and the Sun. It happens at New Moon, when the Sun and Moon are in conjunction with each other. Depending on the geometry of the Sun, Moon and Earth, the Sun can be totally blocked, or it can be partially blocked.
1) There are three different types of solar eclipse: Partial, Annular, and Total.
A partial solar eclipse is when the Moon does not line up completely with the sun.
An annular solar eclipse is when the Moon and the Sun are in line, but either the moon is further from Earth or the Earth is closer to the Sun. In this situation, the apparent size of the Moon is smaller than that of the Sun, which then creates a bright ring surrounding the darkness of the Moon.
A total eclipse is when the moon completely covers the sun.
2) Though eclipses happen during New Moons, they don’t happen at every New Moon.
This is because the Moon’s orbit tilts at 5 degrees to Earth’s orbit around the Sun. Eclipses only happen when the Earth, Sun, and Moon’s path intersect. Usually, the Sun lies either above or below the nodes and no eclipse happens.
3) In about a million years, solar eclipses won’t be noticeable.
This is because the Moon is slowly drifting away from the Earth.
Do You Know ?
Do NOT ever look at the Sun directly during an eclipse unless it is during a total solar eclipse. The bright light of the Sun can damage your eyes very quickly.